AN ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN CHANGING ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE

  • Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara IAIN Takengon
  • Muhammad Gita Swara Mahardhika IAIN Takengon
Keywords: Active and Passive Voice, Analysis, Students’ Difficulties

Abstract

Abstract: Today students’ are sometime less interested in understanding active and passive voice, so that when they learn it, there is a lot of incomprehension in understanding it, especially in transforming active to passive voice. This research are to know and to find out the most dominant the students’ difficulties in transforming active to passive voice form at fourth semester students’ STAIN Gajah Putih Takengon Aceh in 2017/2018 Academic Year. This study was conducted using a qualitative approach. The source of the data for this study was taken at fourth semester students’ of English Department of STAIN GP Takengon Aceh. Besides, the source of data in this research also a grammar lecturer. The technique of data collection were used observation, documentation, and  interviews technique. The data analysis were used the Miles and Huberman’s models, including reduction of data, display, and conclusions; drawing/verifying. The outcomes of analysis, the researcher found the most dominant students’ difficulties in changing active to passive voice were: difficulties in determining subject, difficulties in using auxiliary verb be, and difficulties in using verb3 in passive voice and most dominant difficulties was found in form of past continuous they are not able to understand well, due to still use tools (dictionary). Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that some students’ have a fairly good ability in understanding passive voice form, but some of the other students’ must also improve their understanding in English grammar.

Keywords: Active and Passive Voice, Analysis, Students’ Difficulties

 

Abstrak: Dewasa ini mahasiswa terkadang kurang tertarik untuk memahami bentuk active dan passive voice, sehingga ketika mereka mempelajarinya, ada banyak kesulitan dalam memahaminya, terutama dalam mengubah bentuk active menjadi passive. Penelitian ini untuk melihat dan mengetahui kesulitan paling dominan dalam mengubah bentuk active menjadi passive mahasiswa semester empat prodi bahasa Inggris STAIN Gajah Putih Takengon Aceh pada Tahun Akademik 2017/2018. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Sumber data penelitian ini diambil dari mahasiswa semester empat prodi bahasa Inggris STAIN Gajah Putih Takengon Aceh dan dosen prodi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara. Analisis data menggunakan model Miles dan Huberman. Hasil analisis, peneliti menemukan kesulitan siswa yang paling dominan dalam mengubah active menjadi passive adalah: kesulitan dalam menentukan subjek, mengunakan auxiliary verb be, dan kesulitan dalam menggunakan kata kerja bentuk ke 3, dan  yang paling dominan ditemukan kesulitan dalam merubah past continuous, sehingga membutuhkan alat (kamus). Berdasarkan temuan penelitian ini, peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa beberapa mahasiswa memiliki kemampuan yang cukup baik dalam memahami bentuk passive, tetapi beberapa siswa lain harus meningkatkan pemahaman mereka dalam tata bahasa Inggris.

Kata Kunci: Active dan Passive Voice, Analisis, Kesulitan Siswa

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmadi, A. (1991). Psikologi Pendidikan: Psikologi Belajar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ali, M. and Asrori, M. (2010). Psikologi Remaja: Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Al-Mighwar, M. (2006). Psikologi Remaja: Petunjuk Bagi Guru dan Orangtua. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Azar, B. Schrampfer. (1993). The Handbook of Grammar: Fundamentals of English Grammar. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara.

Azar, B. Schrampfer. (1993). Understanding and Using: English Grammar, Second Edition. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara.

Bungin, Burhan. (2003). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Carling, M. and Jervis, S. (2003). Grammar Time 4: English Grammar. Edingburgh: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M. (1991). Grammar pedagogy in second and foreign language teaching. TESOL Quarterly, 25(3), 459-480.

doi: 10.2307/3586980 https://www.jstor.org/stable/3586980

Creswell, W. John. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Desforges, M. and Lindsay, P. Geoff. (2010). Procedures Used to Diagnose a Disability and to Assess Special Educational Needs: An International Review. NCSE: University of Warwick.

Diane L, Freeman and Celce-Murcia. (1999). The Grammar Book: an ESL/EFL Teacher’s Guide. Newburry: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.

Djamarah, S. Bahri. (2002). Psikologi Belajar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Douglas H, Douglas. (2001). Teaching by Principle: An Interactive Approaches to Language Pedagogy. Second Edition, New York: Addition Wesley Longman.

Dontcheva-Navratilova, O. (2013). Grammar and discourse. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

doi:10.1002/ 9781405198431.wbeal0464

Fatimah, E. M.M. (2008). Psikologi Perkembangan: Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Greenbaum, S., & Nelson, G. (2002). An introduction to English grammar (2nd ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Hallahan, D. P and Kauffman. (1991). Exeptional Children: Introduction to Special Education.New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Harper, Douglas. (2019)."Grammar". Online Etymological Dictionary. Pennsylvania: Douglas Harper.

https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=grammar

Ibrahim. (2015). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Panduan Penelitian Beserta Contoh Proposal Kualitatif. Pontianak: Indonesia.

Jean, G. & Simard, D (2011). Grammar language in English and France L2: Students’ And Teachers’ Beliefs Perceptions. Foreign Language Annals, 44(4), 465-492.

http://faculty.weber.edu/tmathews/SLI/Readings/Jean%20&%20Simard%202011.pdf

Kusnadi, M. (2011). Excellent English Grammar. Surabaya: Bintang Usaha Jaya.

Loughran, J. (1996). Developing Reflective Practice: learning about teaching and learning through modelling. London: The Falmer Press.

Moleong, J. Lexy. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Rosda Karya.

Murphy, R. (1987). Englsih Grammar in Use: A self study reference and practice book for intermediate students. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Murray, and Rockowitz, C. Anna. (1993). Grammar and Mechanics: Active and Passive Voice. RWC Hunter College: University of New York, 1974. Prayitno. Bahan Pelatihan Bimbingan dan Konseling: Materi Layanan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Depdikbud.

Purwanto, M. Ngalim. (2002). Psikologi Pendidikan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Rizka, H. and Hidayati, N. Nurul. (2015). Mega Bank of Grammar: Panduan Superkomplit Belajar Otodidak Materi Grammar Bahasa Inggris. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru Press.

Ross, A. (1974). Psychological Disorder of Children. Tokyo: Graw-Hill Kogakusha Ltd.

Ruslan, Rosadi. (2006). Metode Penelitian Publik Relations dan Komunikasi. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sandi, Kurnia.(2016). An Analysis of Students’ Ability in Using Passive Voice at the Third Grade Students of MAS Kepenuhan. Thesis. Rokan Hulu: English Department University of Pasir Pengaraian.

Sanjaya, Ades. (2015). Model-Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Sartika, Dewi. (2016). Analysis of Students’ Difficulties In Using Passive Voice of Simple Present Tense At English Department of STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat In 2016/2017, Academic Year. Thesis. Sumatera Barat: STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat.

Savignon, S. (2001). Communicative language teaching for the 21st century in Marianne Celce-Murcia (Eds), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed.). Boston: Heinle and Heinle.

Sugiyono. (2011). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D, 14th Edition. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suriyadi and Junaidi. (2007). Complete English Grammar. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Thornburry, S. (2002). How to Teach Grammar. Edinburg Gate: Pearson Education Limited.

Widodo, H. (2006). Approaches and procedures for teaching grammar. English Teaching, 5(1),121-141.

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.615.3645&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Winarno, M. E. (2013). Metodologi Penelitian dalam Pendidikan Jasmani. Semarang: UM Press.

Yunita, W. (2013).Using task-based language teaching (TBLT) to improve students’ mastery of English Tenses at the English Education Study Program of Universitas Bengkulu. Proceeding of the 60th TEFLIN International Conference Achieving International Standars In Teachers Education, Jakarta, 27-29 Agustus 2013, 694-703.

http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/7457

Additional References

Researcher. (2018). The result of Documentation with fourth semester students in English Department of STAIN Gajah Putih, Takengon on July 24th 2018, at 12.10 p.m.

Researcher. (2018). The result of interview with fourth semester students in English Department of STAIN Gajah Putih, Takengon on July 24th 2018, at 12.10 p.m.

Researcher. (2018). The result of interview with Mr. Yudi Setiawan, M.Hum, lecturer of Grammar lesson at STAIN Gajah Putih, Takengon, on July 23th 2018, at 10.30 p.m.

Researcher. (2018). The result of observation with fourth semester students’ in 2017/2018, academic year on Wednesday May 16th 2018, at 01.00 p.m.

Researcher. (2018). The result of observation with students and grammar lecturer lesson at STAIN Gajah Putih, Takengon, on July 23th 2018, at 10.30 p.m.

Published
2020-06-09
How to Cite
Batubara, M. H., & Mahardhika, M. G. S. (2020). AN ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN CHANGING ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE. Jurnal As-Salam, 4(1), 61-78. https://doi.org/10.37249/as-salam.v4i1.175