• Yunie Amalia Rakhmyta Department of English Education, Tarbiyah Faculty, IAIN Takengon
  • Rusmiati Department of English Education, Tarbiyah Faculty, IAIN Takengon




Idiomatic Expressions, EFL Learners, Speaking


Idiomatic expressions are expressions whose meanings cannot be derived from their literal meaning. Thus, it is viewed as a challenging part for EFL learners in either understanding or practicing them. However, using them in oral spoken adequately signifies that someone is a proficient English user. This research is carried out to depict the learner's application of idiomatic expressions in spoken English. It is performed to address the accompanying examination questions: (1) Do EFL learners of the English Department in IAIN Takengon use idiomatic expressions in speaking? (2) What type of idioms do they produce in speaking? (3) What is the most frequently used idiom type in their speaking?. 20 students' recordings were collected and analyzed using the descriptive qualitative method. The result shows that the learners use idiomatic expressions. The learners produced only three types of idiomatic expressions, namely phrasal verb idiom, tournures idiom, and irreversible compound idiom. Of all, phrasal verb idiom is the most frequently used. It is suggested that the learners are encouraged to be exposed to English more often to apply more idiomatic expressions in their speaking.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdi, H., & Munandar, A. (2019). The Translation of Idioms in George Orwell’s Animal Farm. Lexicon, 6(1), 38–50.


Al-kadi, A. M. T. (2015). Towards Idiomatic Competence of Yemeni EFL Undergraduates. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(3), 513–523. https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0603.06

Al-Khawaldeh, N., Jaradat, A., Al-Momani, H., & Bani-Khair, B. (2016). Figurative idiomatic language: Strategies and difficulties of understanding English Idioms. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 5(6), 119–133. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.6p.119

Alata, M., Adiel, E., & Ahmed, M. A. (2016). Difficulties Encountered by Sudanese Students in Translating Idiomatic Expressions from English into Arabic. International Journal of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Education, 3(6), 36–40. https://doi.org/10.20431/2349-0381.0306006

Arikunto, S. (2008). Dasar-Dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Asri, A. N. (2017). Innovative Teaching of English Idiomatic. Journal of English Teaching Adi Buana, 02(01), 47–58.


Bastug, H., & Salihagic, S. (2014). Elaboration on Production of Idioms and Idiomatic Expressions by ESL Learners. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 4(2), 72–84.


Bobrow, S. A., & Bell, S. M. (1973). On catching on to. 1(3), 343–346. https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/BF03198118

Boonkit, K. (2010). Enhancing the development of speaking skills for non-native speakers of English. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 1305–1309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.191

Cooper, T. C. (1999). Processing of Idioms by L2 Learners of English. TESOL Quarterly, 33(2), 233–262.


Edith, E. R. D. C. (2009). The advantages and importance of learning and using idioms in english. Cuadernos de Lingüística Hispánica, 121–136.


Flor, M., & Beigman Klebanov, B. (2018). Catching Idiomatic Expressions in EFL Essays. Proceedings of the Working on Figurative Language Processing, 34–44. https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W18-0905.pdf

Hinkel, E. (2017). Teaching Idiomatic Expressions and Phrases: Insights and Techniques. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 5(3), 45–59.


Ho, P. V. P. (2018). Fluency as successful Communication. 1st National Conference on English Language Teaching Upgrade: A Focus on Fluency (CELTU 2018), 15–24. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pham_Ho2/publication/329584415_FLUENCY_AS_SUCCESSFUL_COMMUNICATION/links/5c108fd892851c39ebe6b781/FLUENCY-AS-SUCCESSFUL-COMMUNICATION.pdf

Irujo, S. (1986). Don’t Put Your Leg in Your Mouth: Transfer in the Acquisition of Idioms in a Second Language. TESOL Quarterly, 20(2), 287–304.


Macintyre, P., & Gregersen, T. (2012). Anxiety and Other Emotions in Language Learning. Psychology for Language Learning, 2012, 103–118. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304799694_Affect_The_Role_of_Language_Anxiety_and_Other_Emotions_in_Language_Learning

Maisa, S., & Karunakaran, D. T. (2013). Idioms and importance of teaching idioms to ESL students: a study on teacher beliefs. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (AJHSS), 1(1), 110–122.

http://ajhss.org/pdfs/Idioms and Importance of Teaching...pdf

McCarthy, M., & Dell, F. O. (2017). English idioms in use - Intermediate. In Book (p. 182). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mei, L. L., & Masoumeh, A. S. (2017). An Analysis of Factors Influencing Learners’ English Speaking Skill. International Journal of Research in English Education, 2(1), 34–41.


Onjukka, R. (2011). A HOT-HEADED GRANDMA : The Use of Idiomatic Expressions in the Compositions of Finnish Upper Secondary School Students Bachelor ’ s Thesis (Issue April).


Rana, A. T. (2016). The Necessity of idiomatic expressions to English Language learners. International Journal of English and Literature, 7(7), 106–111.


Tran, H. Q. (2013). Figurative Idiomatic Competence: An Analysis of EFL Learners in Vietnam. Language Education in Asia, 4(1), 23–38.


Vanderniet, K. H. (2015). Idioms as a Measure of Proficiency. A thesis submitted to the faculty of Brigham Young University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts. All Theses and Dissertations. 5817. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/etd/5817

Velasco, Y. P. (2016). Compositionality/non-compositionality of idioms: Non-native speakers’ constraints to comprehension. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 6(1), 135–144.


Zarei, A. A., & Rahimi, N. (2012). Idioms: Etymology, Contextual Pragmatic Clues, and Lexical Knowledge in Clues. Saarbrucken: LAMBERT Academic Publishing.




How to Cite

Rakhmyta, Y. A., & Rusmiati. (2020). EFL LEARNERS’ PRODUCTION OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS IN SPEAKING. Jurnal As-Salam, 4(2), 379–390. https://doi.org/10.37249/as-salam.v4i2.186