Jurnal As-Salam https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS <p><strong>As-Salam Journal </strong>[p-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1467099712&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2528-1402</a> | e-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1487061895&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2549-5593</a> | doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.37249/jas">https://doi.org/10.37249/jas</a>] is a scientific publication journal published by <strong>The Lecturer Association of Islamic Studies</strong> in Aceh Province, published in a paper-based manner in 2016 and published online since 2017. As-Salam Journal is published 2 (two) times a year, first period in June and the second period in December. The As-Salam Journal is <em>Open Access</em> and <em>Peer-Reviewed</em>. The main objective of the As-Salam Journal is to provide a platform for national and international scholars, academics and researchers to share ideas in the fields of <strong><em>Science-Islamic Integration (interdisciplinary) and Education</em></strong>.</p> Asosiasi Dosen Perguruan Tinggi Islam en-US Jurnal As-Salam 2528-1402 EXPLORING EFL TEACHERS' PERSPECTIVES ON CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIVATE EDUCATION SECTOR IN CAMBODIA https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/578 <p>This thesis explored the changing perspectives of EFL teachers on continuing professional development (CPD) in the private education sector in Cambodia. As for professional development, Cambodian education is plagued by a lack of well-trained teachers due to insufficient pedagogical instruction within CPD as well as a lack of commitment by teachers. This study applied quantitative research; data were collected by means of the purposive sampling method with descriptive statistical analysis. Fifty Cambodian EFL teachers teaching three private schools in Kandal province were selected. The findings indicated that EFL teachers acknowledged that CPD is crucial and effective to their professional teaching career when they are more engaged in CPD efficiently. The change in perspectives for Cambodian EFL teachers on CPD has been satisfactorily proven to be fruitful and achievable. Future studies could explore more factors influencing EFL teachers' motivation for Continuing Professional Development activities.</p> Sovannara Si Copyright (c) 2023 Sovannara Si https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-22 2023-07-22 7 2 85 101 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.578 THE INFLUENCE OF LABOR ABSORPTION PROBLEMS ON THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN NORTH SUMATRA PROVINCE IN AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/612 <p>This study aims to analyze the influence of labor absorption issues on the unemployment rate in North Sumatra Province from an Islamic perspective. The research method used is quantitative, utilizing secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency of North Sumatra Province and relevant literature. The variables analyzed include Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), population size, provincial minimum wage, education level, and labor absorption. The research findings indicate that GRDP is not intervened by labor absorption concerning unemployment. The population size indirectly influences unemployment, with labor absorption as an intervening variable. Provincial minimum wage and education level directly affect unemployment without being intervened by labor absorption. From an Islamic perspective, balancing these labor factors to reduce unemployment and achieve socio-economic justice in North Sumatra Province is important. These conclusions have several important implications. First, there needs to be attention given to regional economic growth to impact labor absorption positively. Second, wise population management is crucial to optimize job availability. Third, provincial minimum wage and education level play a significant role in reducing unemployment. Fourth, applying Islamic values in managing labor, including ethical and just aspects, is important. These implications are expected to provide guidance and recommendations for the government and stakeholders in addressing unemployment issues in North Sumatra Province.</p> Suaidah Suaidah M. Ridwan Nur Ahmadi Bi Rahmani Copyright (c) 2023 Suaidah Suaidah, M. Ridwan, Nur Ahmadi Bi Rahmani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-22 2023-07-22 7 2 102 122 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.612 THE UTILIZATION OF ISLAMIC-BASED TEXTS FOR CHARACTER INNOVATION: EFL STUDENTS' PERCEPTION https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/658 <p>Law Number 20 of 2003 emphasizes character education in the Indonesian National Education System, which functions to develop competence and build the character of students who are devout and have faith in God Almighty. The material should be combined with a religious approach to fulfill these expectations. This research explores EFL students' perceptions of utilizing Islamic-based texts for teaching reading. The respondent was a Muhammadiyah University student, Prof. Dr. HAMKA. 36 students participated in responding to questionnaires and interviews. The results show that most EFL students benefit from using Islamic-based texts on their knowledge, attitudes, and skills. It has implications for using Islamic-based texts that can shape student character and behavior. With this method, in the end, students can read critically and understand the text, which also greatly influences their character and behavior.</p> Roslaini Roslaini Siti Ithriyah Ika Purnama Sari Makmur Harun Copyright (c) 2023 Roslaini Roslaini, Siti Ithriyah, Ika Purnama Sari, Makmur Harun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-10-17 2023-10-17 7 2 123 132 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.658 ENHANCING RESEARCH KNOWLEDGE AND PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH PROFESSORSHIP TITLES IN CAMBODIA: STRIKING A BALANCE https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/653 <p>Education plays a crucial role in building a nation and making educational agents very important for educational reform in every country. The title of professor is one of the incentives that help improve the quality of education through research activities. Recently, Cambodia began awarding professorships to state university lecturers and some of those working at the higher education level. This award is based on the requirements of the person concerned, such as research articles, books, and scientific documents that the individual has published. This research reviews the benefits of granting a professorship, the challenges of unethical research practices, and the balance of professorships. This study found some benefits, challenges, and things that must be done to balance the professorship. The study also recommends several ideas for improving the future of professorships in Cambodia.</p> Pisith Chin Sereyrath Em Sophea Phann Copyright (c) 2023 Pisith Chin, Sereyrath Em, Sophea Phann https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-10-17 2023-10-17 7 2 133 143 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.653 DEVELOPMENT OF VISUAL AUDITORY KINESTHETIC LEARNING MODEL BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM TO INCREASE THE COMPETENCY OF PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS IN LITERATURE https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/667 <p>Writing is one of the skills that everyone must have, especially UMSU English Department students as prospective teachers. This research was conducted to develop visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning models based on local wisdom to improve prospective English teachers' skills in the literature field. This research aims to present the results of the VAK learning model based on local wisdom to improve prospective English teachers' literature skills through writing literary works, especially fairy tales. The research method used to develop a VAK learning model based on local wisdom is research and development, with the 4RD model development process. The data collection techniques used were interviews, observation, and instruments. The data analysis technique used is quantitative descriptive analysis. The results of the validity assessment show that the average score achieved was 92/100 points. The percentage of teachers responding to the application of teaching materials was 93.7%. With the results achieved, the development of this learning model is very reasonable and applicable. The results of activities implementing the VAK learning model based on students' local intelligence in writing literary works reached an average of 89.8%. In other words, the learning model above is good and can be used.</p> Dewi Juni Artha Mutia Febriyana Dian Novianti Sitompul Copyright (c) 2023 Dewi Juni Artha, Mutia Febriyana, Dian Novianti Sitompul https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 144 154 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.667 INDONESIAN SYNTACTIC INTERFERENCE IN ENGLISH ESSAYS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM STUDENTS FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND TEACHER TRAINING UMSU https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/654 <p>In formal educational institutions, mastering English as a second language is a must, especially for students majoring in English. Language mastery often poses challenges because each language has different elements. Proficiency in a foreign language such as English involves mastering four language skills, including writing essays. This study presents research results regarding Indonesian syntactic interference in English essays. This study used a descriptive qualitative method. The analysis begins by reviewing all available data from respondents, and the steps are 1) Collecting exam data, 2) Identifying errors due to syntactic interference, 3) Classifying errors according to indicators of syntactic interference, and 4) Explaining student errors in English essays. Research findings show that, although many students can write English essays with correct grammar, students, especially in their fourth semester at FKIP UMSU, still show the influence of Indonesian in the sentence structure of their English essays.</p> Khairun Niswa Bambang Nur Alamsyah Lubis Cut Novita Srikandi Mandra Saragih Copyright (c) 2023 Khairun Niswa, Bambang Nur Alamsyah Lubis, Cut Novita Srikandi, Mandra Saragih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 155 167 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.654 TEACHING SPEAKING IN IMPROVING STUDENTS' MOTIVATION AND STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE AMONG CAMBODIAN ENGLISH PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/644 <p>This study aimed to explore the influence of student motivation and student performance through teaching speaking skills and the benefits of private instruction among secondary school students in one private school in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Several significant drawbacks for students learning English speaking skills affect their motivation and performance. Students lose confidence in producing vocabulary and structure in their speaking. This research uses quantitative methods. Correlation coefficient and P-value are applied to measure the effect of each variable. Student motivation and performance findings are well related to learning English speaking skills based on a statistically significant positive correlation between speaking teaching and student motivation r = 0.64 with vital statistical significance (p&lt;0.01). Also, a statistically significant positive correlation exists between teaching English speaking and student performance; r = 0.78, with vital statistical significance (p&lt;0.01). In addition, a positive correlation between teaching English speaking and student motivation is statistically significant. r = 0.43, with a high level of statistical significance (p&lt;0.01). The main findings show a correlation between speaking skills, student motivation, and corresponding student performance. For further studies, it could investigate critical variables such as teaching spoken English to students. In addition, if possible, the new theory adapted should be self-theory, goal theory, or mixed methods by increasing the sample size and target locus.</p> Chanthoul Seam Copyright (c) 2023 Chanthoul Seam https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 168 183 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.644 FLIPPED CLASSROOM METHOD AND COLLABORATIVE WRITING VIA GOOGLE DOCUMENTS TO IMPROVE STUDENTS' PARTICIPATION AND WRITING PERFORMANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/668 <p>Flipped classrooms have been commonly used in educational settings after the pandemic. Schools provide a learning management system (LMS) to enhance the effectiveness of the learning process. Also, online platforms become popular among students, including online collaboration platforms like the Google document. The teaching method now could be more varied and flexible. This research focused on finding the impact of the flipped classroom method and collaborative writing through Google documents on students' active classroom participation and writing quality. The quasi-experimental study was designed to discover the significance of the impact in this case. Fifteen participants were given an IELTS writing pre-test and post-test at the beginning and the last meeting, and through the implementation of the method, the students were divided into five groups to write an essay collaboratively. The discussion and group work were applied during the classroom to observe active learning. The finding shows a significant impact on students' writing quality, especially the writing structure and coherence, and a positive impact on students' active learning concerning the students' initiative to contribute to the group work.</p> Khairun Nissa Pirman Ginting Resty Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2023 Khairun Nissa, Pirman Ginting, Resty Wahyuni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 184 194 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.668 LINGUISTIC LANDSCAPE PORTRAYED IN INDONESIAN EFL TEXTBOOKS: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/670 <p>This research examines the linguistic landscape within 4 (four) English as a Foreign Language (EFL) textbooks in Indonesia, employing Cenoz and Gorter's theoretical framework. The primary objectives of this study are to categorize the various linguistic landscape elements present in Indonesian EFL textbooks and provide a comprehensive description of the characteristics of these linguistic landscapes. The analysis was conducted through a descriptive qualitative methodology, focusing on linguistic landscape items within EFL textbooks used in Grades I, II, IV, and V, comprising a total of 116 images. These items encompassed monolingual, bilingual, and multilingual components. Specifically, 100 images featured English-only elements, establishing English as the dominant language in these instances, while 3 images were exclusively in Bahasa Indonesia, 1 in Arabic, and 12 incorporated both English and Indonesian. Including these linguistic elements is intended to familiarize students with English sentence structures in the textbooks, as English holds a prominent status as an international language.</p> Adib Jasni Kharisma Pirman Ginting Yenni Hasnah Muhammad Ikhsan Utomo Copyright (c) 2023 Adib Jasni Kharisma, Pirman Ginting, Yenni Hasnah, Muhammad Ikhsan Utomo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 195 214 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.670 INTEGRATION SCIENCE AND ISLAM: A NEW PRODUCT TO FACILITATE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN COLLEGE https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/649 <p>The dichotomy between science and Islam later became the cause of the decline of Muslim civilization, especially in the field of knowledge. Therefore, some scientists have made an Islamic integrated learning model that will need integrated Islamic teaching materials as a tool and learning resources. This research aims to develop an integrated Islamic enrichment book on transition elements in inorganic chemistry courses. The research was done using the Four Steps Teaching Material Development (4STMD) method, which consists of four steps: the selection step, the structuring step, the characterization step, and the didactic reduction step. At the selection stage, the main source of teaching materials was a book by Sugiyarto, K.H., and Suyanti, Retno, D. (2010), titled Inorganic Metal Chemistry. While at the structuring step, concept maps, macrostructures, and multiple representations of the transition elements were found. In the characterization step, it was found that the concept has a straightforward character with an 85.8% understanding percentage, so the didactic reduction is unnecessary in this study. Teaching material has a percentage of 78% in the feasibility test; the details are 81% on aspects of language, 75% on presentation of the book, 75% on aspects of performance, and 83% on aspects of graphics. It can be concluded that the teaching materials developed are unfit for use. So, in this study, the didactic reduction is not necessary. Teaching material has a percentage of 78% in the characterization test, details 81% on aspects of language, 75% in the presentation aspect of the book, 75% on aspects of performance, and 83% in the graphic aspect. It can be concluded that the teaching materials developed are fit for use. Product development research is needed as a source and medium for integrated Islamic learning.</p> Buchori Muslim Nahadi Nahadi Sjaeful Anwar Copyright (c) 2023 Buchori Muslim, Nahadi Nahadi, Sjaeful Anwar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 7 2 215 230 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.649 SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE AND STUDENTS' ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN LEARNING ENGLISH https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/677 <p>Social media plays an increasingly important role in today's society, serving a variety of functions, including education. Its widespread use by students raises questions about its impact on their learning outcomes. This study aims to determine social media use among class XI students at Adventist High School Unklab Airmadidi, analyze their academic performance in English, and investigate the correlation between these variables. This research used a descriptive-quantitative approach involving 91 respondents selected through purposive sampling. Data collection used a questionnaire adapted from Gupta and Bashir (2008) and translated into Indonesian. A pilot study validated the instrument, showing high consistency (Cronbach Alpha = 0.907). The results show a significant positive correlation between social media use and students' academic performance in English. These findings challenge the hypothesis that there is no significant relationship between social media use and academic achievement, thereby triggering resistance. It highlights the potential of social media as a valuable tool for English language learning, emphasizing the development of students' critical skills. In an educational context, integrating social media into teaching can support interactions between teachers and students, enhancing students' learning experiences. Future research efforts should consider expanding sample sizes, using more robust research designs, and exploring additional variables that may influence the relationship between social media use and academic achievement.</p> Elizabeth Meiske Maythy Lasut Milenia Lorenza Kumois Copyright (c) 2023 Elizabeth Meiske Maythy Lasut, Milenia Lorenza Kumois https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 7 2 231 242 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.677 EMPOWERING STUDENTS ACCESS CENTER (SAC) IN SUPPORTING ENGLISH LEARNING https://jurnal-assalam.org/index.php/JAS/article/view/671 <p>This study focuses on conducting a need analysis to explore the role and effectiveness of the Student Access Center (SAC) in supporting English Education Department students' learning endeavors. The SAC is a place and an essential resource hub catering to students' academic, personal, and professional needs. The data was collected using a survey design from a questionnaire given to 51 English Education Department students at UIN Antasari Banjarmasin. The questionnaire included five Likert-scale-based choices regarding the student's learning needs about the role of SAC. The investigation delves into various aspects, including the collection of books provided by the SAC, its accessibility, and the extent to which it addresses students' needs both inside and outside the classrooms. The study examines students' perceptions of the SAC's facilities in enhancing their learning, the circulation service, and the function of SAC. Findings from this study contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the SAC's significance in supporting English Education Department students. Ultimately, this research aims to foster a conducive learning environment that maximizes students' academic achievements and success.</p> Hidayah Nor Afifah Linda Sari Copyright (c) 2023 Hidayah Nor, Afifah Linda Sari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 7 2 243 263 10.37249/assalam.v7i2.671