Increasing Students' Ability In Writing Procedure Text Through Learning Model Pictures And Pictures


  • Dina Syarifah Nasution STAIN Mandailing Natal
  • Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara IAIN Takengon
  • Rahmayana Rahmayana IAIN Takengon, Aceh, Indonesia


Writing Procedure Text, Learning Model Picture and Picture


This study investigated increasing students' ability to write procedure text through learning model pictures and pictures in ninth grade at SMPN 4 Takengon. The study used the quantitative method with experimental design. To collect the data, the writer uses the test (pre-test and post-test). The population in this research is all students of the ninth grade in SMPN 4 Takengon, which consists of 196 students. The writer uses purposive sampling to take the sample in this research. A first group is an experimental group, which amounts to 37 students, and the second group is the control group which amounts to 37 students.  The writer uses the t-test formula to analyze data in this research. The result of tscore is 5,71. Compared with the ttable, the tscore is higher, i.e., 5,71, than ttable is 1,99. It can be concluded that learning model pictures and pictures can increase students' ability in writing procedure text. The writer suggests that students try to write in English as habitual because it can help add more vocabulary and make the students have good writing.


Batubara, M. H., Herwanis, D., & Safitriana, S. (2021). An Analysis Of Student’s Error In Writing Ability Through Descriptive Text Of Vii Grade Of Smp N 4 Takengon. Jurnal As-Salam, 5(2), 110–119.

Batubara, M. H., Rahila, C. D. I., & Rahmadani, P. (2021). An Analysis On The Students’ Error In Writing Report Text At Eight Grade Students Of Smp N 6 Timang Gajah. Jurnal As-Salam, 5(1), 10–19.

Boardman, A. (2002). Writing to communicate. New York: Longman.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (second edition). New York: Longman.

Bukhari. (2010). Keterampilan Berbahasa Membaca dan Menulis. Banda Aceh: PeNa.

Depdiknas.(2004). Materi Pelatihan Terintegrasi Bahasa Inggris. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Ellis, Arthur, et al. (1989). Elementary Language Arts Instruction. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Flower, L., & Hayes, J. R. (1981). A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition and Communication, 32(4), 365–387.

Flower, L.(1989). Problem Solving Strategies For Writing. United States of Amerika: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publisher.

Hamdani.(2011). Strategi Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Harmer, J. (2004). How to teach writing. Essex, UK: Pearson Education.

Hayes, J., & Flower, L. (1980). Identifying the organization of writing processes. In L. W. Gregg, & E. R. Steinberg (Eds.), Cognitive processes in writing (pp. 3–30). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hornby, A. S., Wehmeier, S., & Ashby, M. F. (2003). Oxford advanced learner's dictionary of current English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Istarani. (2011). 58 Model Pembelajaran Inovatif. Medan: Media Persada.

Johnson, Andrew P. (2008). Teaching Reading and Writing: A Guidebook for Tutoringand Remediating Students. United States of America: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Mitchell, K. M., Harrigan, T., Stefansson, T., & Setlack, H. (2017). Exploring self-efficacy and anxiety in first-year nursing students enrolled in a discipline-specific scholarly writing course. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education, 3(1), Article 4.

Mitchell, K. M., Rieger, K. L., & McMillan, D. E. (2017). A template analysisof writing self-efficacy measures. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 25(2), 205–223.


Neman, B.S. (1989). Writing Effectively, second edition. New York: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company.

Noth, W. (1995). Handbook of semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English language teaching. Singapore: McGraw Hill.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (2007). Introduction to academic writing (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Press.

Richard. (2002). Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practices. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sampson, G. (1985). Writing systems: A linguistic introduction. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Setiawan, O. (2008). Genre. Bandung: Yrama Widya.

Suharsimi, A. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik, edisi revisi ke empat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Suyanto, K.K.E. (2008). English For Young Learners. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.