Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching (JLLLT) <p>Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching (JLLLT) [e-ISSN: <a href="">2827-8518</a>] is a double-blind peer-reviewed, published biannual on January-June, July- December. It is dedicated to promoting scholarly exchange among teachers, practitioners and researchers in the field of languages. Although articles are written in English, the journal welcomes studies dealing with other than English as well.</p> en-US (Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara) (Awal Kurnia Putra Nasution, M.TPd) Thu, 16 Feb 2023 13:36:39 +0700 OJS 60 Improving Students Understanding in Listening Lessons with The Use of Film Media <p>This research is about using English-language film media to facilitate listening lessons. With this film media, it is expected that learners will be more enthusiastic about studying English and pay more attention to correct pronunciation. The research method played in this paper is a quantitative descriptive method. It is done by studying article references related to the analysis of the use of film to improve students' listening comprehension in listening lessons and the data collection by utilizing article references published in OJS-based journals. The research results prove that many studies states that film media can improve students' listening skills. Based on the findings of previous researchers, it can be concluded that the use of film in listening lessons is very appropriate to apply. The use of film makes students like and enjoy listening to lessons more. So it has a significant impact on these students. When students start to like listening lessons using the film method, these students will be more diligent and enthusiastic in listening lessons.</p> Chairuddin Chairuddin, Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara, Dina Wulansari Copyright (c) 2023 Chairuddin Chairuddin, Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara, Dina Wulansari Thu, 16 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Students Difficulties in Understanding Listening Lessons (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) <p>Listening is one of the essential skills that need to be mastered by students who want to learn English. This study concerns students' difficulties in understanding listening lessons. This research aims to describe the students' difficulties in learning to listen. The method used in this research is Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. This method is a process of searching the literature, while the source of portal searching literature is OJS-based journals, whether or not Sinta accredits them. The data taken are articles relating to students' difficulties in listening lessons, while the number of articles used as a reference for systematic review or meta-analysis is primarily the result of research. The articles used were 12 articles over the last two years. The results of the study show that difficulties in listening comprehension can be caused by various factors, including the knowledge and background of the listener, the clarity and quality of the spoken language, the level of attention and motivation of the listener, limited vocabulary, cognitive and language abilities, cultural and social differences, and emotional state.</p> Fiza Rauzika Altasa, Cut Dara Ilfa Rahila, Muhammad Abrar Muda, Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara Copyright (c) 2023 Fiza Rauzika Altasa, Cut Dara Ilfa Rahila, Muhammad Abrar Muda, Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara Sun, 09 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Language Maintenance and Shift in Diraytata <p>Language maintenance and shift are common words that show once language whether transfer from one generation to the other by keeping the cultural aspects of the native speakers or losing the content and form of the language. Therefore, the existence of language indeed cannot be separated from our day-to-day life. However, the interaction between one person and another can deliver different messages smoothly in their mother tongue language. This study was focused on language maintenance and shift in Ethiopia in the case of the Diraytata language. The researchers collected sufficient data by using interviews, questionary and group discussions. After collecting data concerning language maintenance and shift in Diraytata and interpreting by the qualitative method. Regarding sampling technique, purposeful sampling was implemented. Finally, the finding shows that in the Diraytata language, speakers constantly use their mother tongue for day-to-day communication, church bible learning, and teaching. In primary school, 1-4 class is given as one subject, local elders used for negotiation, in social life like equb, idir, mahiber and cultural beverage setting like cheqa and tella. All listed above positively impact language maintenance activities performed by Diraytata speakers. In addition, individuals, families, government, and private sectors collaborated for the language maintenance of Diraytata for the next generation. On the other hand, key informants described that marriage out of Derashe ethnic groups might lead to a language shift. It is because of Brive price for females. Males in Derashe ethnic groups who want to marry their own ethnic must ask to pay a high amount of Brive price for females. Therefore, males decided to marry out of their ethnic groups and pay some Brive price for females or for free. At this time, the two different ethnic groups lived together, and the new child mixed language and culture. So, the child preferred to engage mother language, and it missed their father’s language and culture. However, language shifts may occur during the time of exogamy marriage.</p> Zelalem Melaku, Sintayehu Semu Copyright (c) 2023 Zelalem Melaku, Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara Fri, 19 May 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Improving English Speaking Ability Using Quantum Teaching Approach at Student Grade XI MAK of Ruhul Islam Anak Bangsa Islamic Boarding School <p>This study aims to improve students' speaking abilities at the Ruhul Islam Anak Bangsa Islamic Boarding School in Aceh Besar through the Quantum Teaching approach. The research design was carried out in the form of classroom action research for 38 students of grade XI MAK. In this research, the teacher became a collaborator who carried out learning designed by researchers to be implemented in the classroom, and the researcher was an observer and fully responsible for this action research. The data in this research was collected through observation techniques on the students involved in learning. The obtained data were then analyzed using the average formula to measure individual student mastery. Meanwhile, data to see mastery in a classical manner was processed using the percentage formula. The research results show that the Quantum Teaching approach improves students' speaking skills. It can be seen from the average speaking skill of grade IX MAK students in Ruhul Islam Anak Bangsa Islamic Boarding School increased; in cycle I to 2.78, cycle II to 2.91, and cycle III to 3.45. Furthermore, the researcher or other teachers are expected to continue this research to obtain more significant findings on improving students' speaking skills.</p> Muhammad Riza Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Riza Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Investigating The Grammatical Interference of Indonesian-Gayonese EFL Learners <p>This study aimed to investigate the causes of Indonesian interference in the writing of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students and to examine the types of such interference. In order to figure out the issue of Indonesian grammatical interference, a descriptive qualitative approach was adopted by utilizing fourth-semester students of the English Department IAIN Takengon, Aceh, Indonesia, as the target population for the research. Subsequently, the data was derived from both tests and observations. Data analysis indicates that the students still experienced interference from the Indonesian grammar due to it being their first language. In this research, grammatical interference is divided into two categories: the interference of syntax and morphology. Syntactic interference comprises words, prepositions, superfluous words, and word omission. The most prevalent occurrence of syntactic interference is in the area of prepositions. Morphological interference replicated itself in determiner omission, incorrect determiner usage, subject-verb agreement discrepancies, the incorrect verb 'to be,' incorrect usage of verb tenses, and confusion regarding singularity and plurality. Though, the most prevalent type of morphological interference is the omission of a determiner. It was observed that the disparity in the structure of Indonesian and English grammar accounts for the interference. In addition, another cause was that students typically composed it first in Indonesian and translated it into English.</p> Imam Munandar Copyright (c) 2023 Imam Munandar Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Language Shift: In Gayo Society <p>Language is an activity a group of community members uses to work together as a sound symbol system. Language is also a tool for communicating and identifying oneself. Gayo language is the mother tongue in Central Aceh, one of the languages in Indonesia, where this language must be maintained, and its resilience must be preserved. This research was conducted to see the language shift in the Gayo language among the people who live in Takengon. Research method with descriptive qualitative, interview, and observation approaches. The data analysis techniques we use are data collection, presentation, and conclusion. The conclusion obtained is that for now, there should be no worry about the shift in the Gayo language, but many Gayo language users among young people now speak more Indonesian, even though their families are initially from Gayo, so the less use of Gayo language among them. Because of this, it is feared that a shift in language will occur in an alarming direction in the future.</p> Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara, Putri Shafira Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Hasyimsyah Batubara, Putri Shafira Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0700